Las pruebas científicas son cada vez más, y contundentes: la nutrición vegetariana (la dieta vegetariana o ser vegetariano) cumple un muy importante rol en la salud, tanto por ser un importantísimo factor de prevención para el desarrollo de las peores enfermedades mortales, así como para su tratamiento.
Reduced cancer risk in vegetarians: an analysis of recent reports
Amy Joy Lanou1 and Barbara Svenson2
1 Department of Health and Wellness, University of North Carolina Asheville, Asheville, NC, USA
2 Ramsey Library, University of North Carolina Asheville, Asheville, NC, USA
Correspondence: Amy Joy Lanou, Department of Health and Wellness, CPO# 2730, University of North Carolina Asheville, One University Heights, Asheville, North Carolina 28804, USA, Tel +1 828 250 2317, Fax +1 828 250 3856, Email firstname.lastname@example.org
This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.
This report reviews current evidence regarding the relationship between vegetarian eating patterns and cancer risk. Although plant-based diets including vegetarian and vegan diets are generally considered to be cancer protective, very few studies have directly addressed this question. Most large prospective observational studies show that vegetarian diets are at least modestly cancer protective (10%–12% reduction in overall cancer risk) although results for specific cancers are less clear. No long-term randomized clinical trials have been conducted to address this relationship. However, a broad body of evidence links specific plant foods such as fruits and vegetables, plant constituents such as fiber, antioxidants and other phytochemicals, and achieving and maintaining a healthy weight to reduced risk of cancer diagnosis and recurrence. Also, research links the consumption of meat, especially red and processed meats, to increased risk of several types of cancer. Vegetarian and vegan diets increase beneficial plant foods and plant constituents, eliminate the intake of red and processed meat, and aid in achieving and maintaining a healthy weight. The direct and indirect evidence taken together suggests that vegetarian diets are a useful strategy for reducing risk of cancer.